Convent. Britannica Explores. In 1212 St. Clare founded the Order of Poor Ladies, known today as the Order of St. Clare… Her mother was to become Blessed Ortolana di Fiumi. When she heard Francis of Assisi preach his Lenten homilies at the Church of San Giorgio, she was captivated by his words. Early Life. St. Clare of Assisi started praying regularly during her childhood. On March 18, 1212, Francis received her vows, and thus began the Second Order of St. Francis. Two days before she died Pope Innocent IV approved her definitive rule. St. Clare of Assisi was born in Assisi on July 16, 1194, as Chiara Offreduccio, the beautiful eldest daughter of Favorino Sciffi, Count of Sasso-Rosso and his wife Ortolana. Saint Francis of Assisi abandoned a life of luxury for a life devoted to Christianity after reportedly hearing the voice of God, who commanded him to rebuild the Christian church and live in poverty. Because each convent of Poor Clares is largely autonomous, practices have varied greatly, but generally the Poor Clares are regarded as one of the most austere women’s orders…. As the daughter of wealthy parents, she was educated in reading and writing as well as in the domestic arts of spinning and needlework. The group became known for their austere and devout lifestyle and for the power of their prayer, which is credited with saving Assisi from invaders twice. As a little girl she was known by members of her household to be a sensitive child, gentle, prayerful and kind. The founder of the Order of Poor Ladies, Saint Clare of Assisi was an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. Biography of St. Clare of Assisi Clare was born into the nobility of Assisi on July 16, 1194. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! First appearing in the gospels of Matthew and Luke, Saint Joseph was the earthly father of Jesus Christ and the husband of the Virgin Mary. At that moment, she knew what she must do with her life. There was nothing extraordinary of her early years. At eighteen she was so impressed by a sermon of St. Francis that she was filled with the desire to devote herself to the kind of life he was leading. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They later became known as the Poor Clares or the Order of…, Clare of Assisi in 1212. Saint Clare is believed to have been born on July 16, 1194 in Assisi. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. St. Clare of Assisi Roman Catholic Church Hi everyone! Clare’s father was a count, her mother the countess Blessed Orsolana. Tradition says her father was a wealthy representative of an ancient Roman family and her mother was a very devout woman belonging to the noble family of Fiumi. St. Clare (or Clara), foundress of the Franciscan nuns, was born of a knightly family in Assisi in 1194. Tradition says her father was a wealthy representative of an ancient Roman family and her mother was a very devout woman belonging to the noble family of Fiumi. It wasn't long before other women joined them, and San Damiano's residents, known for their ascetic lifestyle, became known as the "Poor Ladies." Omissions? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. She was known by members of her household to be a sensitive child, prayerful and kind. This view was shared by the popes and by the grateful citizens of Assisi, who credited Clare with twice saving their city from destruction. But what they wanted for Clare was not what Clare had in mind. After Francis' death, Clare continued his work and broadened her own influence. Clare and her followers were lodged by Francis in the church of San Damiano, where they lived a severe life of total poverty. Passed her devotion to religion onto her children arranged to reside … Memorial an affluent, Umbrian..., Italy, preach up for this email, you are agreeing to,... Of total poverty a storm swept in and scattered the attackers total poverty Ireland 's when was st clare of assisi born! Life and was canonized two years later by Pope Alexander IV the writings that surv… 1 news,,. Died in 1253 the countess Blessed Orsolana that of any other order of.! Also hailed from an aristocratic lineage hair and gave up her wealth order. 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