Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. These verbs are very important when we use reported speech. indirect speech. Examples: Verbs: remind, ask, beg, warn , order, encourage, persuade, advise, urge, agree All rights reserved. This makes a connection between past research and now, which adds weight to your argument. In this study guide, we’ll look at examples of these verbs and show you how to use them correctly. Reported Speech, Reporting Verbs Practice (Author-Bouabdellah) Downloadable worksheets: Reported Speech exercises Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 4375 : REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENTS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 13-17 Downloads: 3497 : REPORTED SPEECH all you need to know about Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 2184 : INDIRECT SPEECH - … Reported Speech Tense. She suggested to study together for the exam. Choose between say vs. tell to fill the gap in each sentence. Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free English lesson! They all mean “no” but say is a neutral verb, hint is a weak verb, and refuse is much stronger. Again, it is important to know whether the verb needs +ing, the infinitive, or that after it. "My brother is buying a car" said Anne (direct speech) becomes Anne told me (that) her brother was buying a car. When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. Learn how to use reported speech in English.Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said.Using reported speech in English can sometimes be difficult for non-native speakers as we (usually) change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. ), b. In this engaging reported speech game, students report back answers to questions and race to complete sentences about what people said. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Some of them follow the same pattern: 1. b. In the table below, we’ve listed out the reporting verbs in groups based on their general meanings. 1. Reporting Verb: Reported Speech: Connector: Assertive: Will say Will say to: Will say Will tell: that: Learn with video. She refused _______ the washing-up again! "This is an exam Mr. 2. Direct and indirect speech exercises for esl. We can also use the verbs like told, offered and promised. 2. We’ll also look at reporting verbs to improve your academic writing. Indirect speech / Reported speech : Indirect speech ( sometimes called reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to repeat what the person said and it doesn’t have to be told word for word. However, you should remember that some of these reporting verbs can be used in difference contexts and sometimes with different grammar structures. In normal reported speech, the common reporting verbs are said and told. Reported speech- How does it work? He reminded ________ to renew the car insurance. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). (The direct speech for this is "I've already eaten".) ), b. Ask, plead and beg all have a similar meaning, but plead and beg are much stronger than ask. Continue reading →, In this study guide, we will teach you 11 common phrasal verbs with ‘break’. Signup to our newsletter "English in your Inbox" to receive your monthly fix of English by email. The choice of verb sometimes depends on how we interpret what the person was saying. Because we are talking about something that happened in the past, we use past tense verbs in reported speech: said not say; was not am. reporting verbs . Reported speech: She said that she loves to play football. She ordered him to washhis hands. They’re good … Let’s look at the list! You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or if the original statement was about something that is still true, e.g. Reporting Verbs Exercise 1 Review how to use reporting verbs here. We have also indicated the relative “strength” of each verb. Ready? As the name of the language structure suggests, reported speech is the form of language we use when we are reporting something. Examples: In academic writing, reporting verbs are used when you want to refer to what another person has said. I didn’t ____________ anything to you, because I was too worried. You also need to learn how to arrange them correctly so that your house is solid! Direct Speech. (Click here for more about using 'say' and 'tell'.) The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout , usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said. Verbs: Develop, study, focus on, acknowledge, doubt, contribute to, echo, subscribe to, question, disapprove of, dispute, reject, discuss, investigate, illustrate, present, outline, put forward, consider, support, emphasise, challenge, analyse, discard, identify, explore, propose, highlight, stress. It is also important to note that, regardless of the tense, the word “that” is completely optional in reported speech. 3. Now let’s consider that there are many other ways that Charlotte could say this in English. This sentence could also have been written as “She said she loves to play football.”) The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. Two examples of reporting verbs are say and tell. Reported speech exercises. Estos verbos (y muchos más) son los Reporting Verbs. Present. If you need more information about these rules, look at my lessons for reported speech, and reporting verbs. Why didn’t you _____________ me that you don’t eat meat? If Reporting Verb is in Present / Future Tense, there will not be any kind of change of Tense a in Reported Speech: PRESENT Kind of Sentence Reporting Verb Rported Speech Connector Assertive Say Says Say… Different reporting verbs have different patterns, for example: Mary complained (that) she was tired. Short and sweet! Let’s return to our example with Charlotte’s birthday cake: “It’s my birthday next weekend. Part 2. When we want to report what people say, we use reporting verbs. Reporting verb + TO-infinitive. See all reported speech exercises here. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. Ask team members to repeat their sentence and have Captain A report the sentence using the reporting verb in indirect speech. When do we use reported speech? Reported speech: She asked me what my favourite colour was / She asked me what was my favourite colour. Depending on what she said and how she said it, you might need to use a different reporting verb, not just say or tell. Watch my reported speech video: Here's how it works: We use a 'reporting verb' like 'say' or 'tell'. Continue reading →, Want to improve your English for accounting? (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. Did you like this grammar explanation? The reporting verb is often said, but it can also be told, or other verbs like ordered, stated, or reported, depending on the situation. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. Developed by Andrey Kramerov, Refuse, decide, promise, demand, agree, threaten, plead with, Adverbs of Degree: Full List with Examples & Exercises, Russian Mistakes in English: 54 False Friends, How to Learn English with Movies | Top 10 Best Films, IELTS Speaking Guide 2018 | Tasks, Model Answers, Scores, 45 Essential English Terms for Accounting (Explained), How To Use Say, Tell, Speak And Talk: Differences, Expressions, Idioms, Adverbs of Time: Full List with Examples & Exercises, How to improve listening skills in English. You see a new word, you learn what the word means in your own language and you learn how to pronounce it in English. "Can you come and help me with this box?" Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 1. Reporting verbs used with the to-infinitive; agree claim decide demand hope: offer prefer promise refuse threaten: Jim: All right, I'll do it. He persuaded me that he wanted to give me something. He suggested _________ on a cycling holiday next year. Updated August 10, 2018. The meaning stays the same with or without it. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. Incorrect (We have decided to live in the countryside. If he does his team scores 1 point. Note 2: Using “that” is optional. Get started today by requesting your free 15-minute consultation with OTUK! We can also use a lot of other verbs in reported speech. (verb + that clause) Welcome! reporting verbs . Some reporting verbs simply report the speaker's word (say, tell, state, answer, reply). “According to” does the job of a reporting verb already. Eat your vegetables. Learning words in English is like collecting bricks to build a house. + PAST 16. We also call this reported speech or indirect speech. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Reported speech: James said that he was my neighbour. Reported speech is used when reporting exactly what someone has said. OR Promise + clause (change the tense of the verb): Mark promised (that) he would buy me lunch. John me to help him with the box. Are you going to ___________ anything to Sue about your good news? Let’s take a look at HOW to use reporting verbs in real sentences. You can’t build a good house from just a couple of bricks (e.g. You can even save a pdf copy of this guide to use later. reporting verbs. Use told + person + what was said. Whenever you report a speech there’s a reporting verb used like “say” or “tell”. Reporting verbs are verbs that serve to report what someone else has said. Reported speech. This study guide will teach you the most common expressions and idioms to demonstrate the differences between say, tell, speak and talk with real examples. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". Al-Qaida: We have captured two US marines. We’ve written this guide for you! Jenkins!! Muss man Zeitformen ändern (backshift)? Reporting Verb Tense. Whenever you report a speech there’s a reporting verb used like “say” or “tell”. 2: TELL On the other hand, with 'tell' we need to use an object, a person who we tell the information to. In these sentences, there are three different verbs (say, hint, refuse). For example, if I imply (suggest/hint, weak) that you are wrong, this is very different from if I assert (state/say, strong) that you are wrong. Reporting verbs (or referring verbs) are words used to report about (or refer to) what another person has said, written or done. A source written by one author will need a singular verb with “-s” at the end. Ready? ONLINE WITH BRITISH Ready? (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. Note 2: Using “that” is optional. You will need to know the rules for reporting speech (statements and questions) as well as the patterns following reporting verbs (e.g. For example: Direct speech: I love to play football. Verbs: Point out, find, observe, state, agree, believe, assert, claim, contend, explain, guess, assert, imply, reason, prove, note, report, reveal. Continue reading →, Confused about when to use the words ‘say’, ‘tell’, ‘speak’ and ‘talk’ in English? 3. Want to score 7+ on your IELTS Speaking exam? Examples: Verbs: Blame smbd for, accuse smbd of, insist on, apologise for, complain about, confess to, forbid smbd from, agree to, think about Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions Reporting orders and requests When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. For example: (iii) “I’ve got lots of work to do this weekend and I might be too busy for other things”Charlotte hinted that she wouldn’t make the cake. These verbs are used in reported speech, which can be direct or indirect. Get a free trial of our Online Grammar Course for more. Ready? STUDY ENGLISH Reporting verbs are used when you want to tell someone about another conversation. Übungen zur indirekten Rede, Reported Speech im Englischen - kostenlos Englisch Lernen im Internet The most common reporting verb is said. Reported statements in English. Reporting verbs used with a that-clause; add admit agree answer believe: claim complain confess confirm decide: deny doubt explain feel hope: insist mention promise repeat reply: say suggest: Employee: ... and so far I haven't received a negative response to my work. We can use the verbs ‘suggest’, ‘insist’, ‘recommend’, ‘demand’, ‘request‘, and ‘propose‘ to report advice and suggestions. © Copyright 2012-2020 OTUK. Reported speech: direct speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary REPORTED SPEECH This is how we report what people said: a. Teach Your Students to Use Specific Reporting Verbs. In actual fact, you can only really say you’ve learnt a word when you also know how to accurately use it in a sentence. Because we are talking about something that happened in the past, we use past tense verbs in reported speech: said not say; was not am. Grammar explanation. Direct Speech: Gregory: “I have kids that need to be fed, sir.” b. Reported speech and reporting verbs. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. Reporting Verbs and Verb Patterns. We don’t want the Big Bad Wolf to blow your house down! Reported Speech Reporting Verbs Say and Tell. Muss man Personen (Pronomen) ändern? Present simple The basic verb pattern for using 'say' for reported speech is: say + (that) + clause She said (that) she had already eaten. In welcher Zeitform steht der Einleitungssatz? It’s not enough just to get the bricks. The reporting clause may come first or second. Here is an example to help us understand: If I tell you “you look great“, that is direct speech. For example, we can transform the following direct speech sentences into reported speech: 1. Make a birthday cake for me,” Charlotte said to her mum (direct speech), Charlotte told her mum to make a birthday cake for her. Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Satztyp bestimmen (Aussagesatz, Frage, Aufforderung) 2. Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. If you use “et al.” to indicate multiple authors, this will also require a plural verb as it means “they”. Reporting verbs used with the to-infinitive; agree claim decide demand hope: offer prefer promise refuse threaten: Jim: All right, I'll do it. The students write down the name of a student that is not in their group at the beginning of each sentence on their worksheet. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. What is reported speech you ask? She invited me ________ to her house for a drink after work. A source written by more than one author will need a plural verb. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. I can't go." However, we can also use other reporting verbs. The reporting clause may sometimes come in the middle of the reported clause, especially in literary styles: infinitive. Grammar explanation. Direct Speech: Gregory: “I have kids that need to be fed, sir.” b. We just put 'she says' and then the … They persuaded me _________ to London with them. Reporting verbs are used when you want to tell someone about another conversation. For extra practice, rewrite the sentences using reported speech. Take a look at these other reporting verbs and choose the best one for each sentence. She advised him not to touchthe pan. Direct speech repeats the exact words the person used, or how we remember their words:. Exercise 1. a. I say,” I will not attend the party tomorrow.” b. Ankita says , ” They enjoyed the game.” c. “I can’t beat you.” says Abhimanyu to Arjuna. In reported speech the tense usually changes because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past ( the person spoke in the past). Captain A needs to guess the reporting verb associated with the sentence. Let’s jump right in! Directed speech: "I am your neighbour," said James. Learn their many meanings, explore real native examples of phrasal verbs in context, and try our exercises at the end to test your understanding. To help you understand how to correctly place them in a sentence, we have put them into approximate categories based on their most common usage. "I'd go and see a doctor if I were you," Julie said to me. Reporting questions worksheets… Download free grammar worksheets, games and activities … The newsletter includes useful lessons, competitions and book reviews. We also call this reported speech or indirect speech. You should ________ her that you don’t want to go on holiday. The first reporting verbs that English students learn are usually say and tell. My grandmother always encouraged to learn to cook. In this study guide, our experienced UK accountant and English teacher Kevin Simmons will walk you through the most useful vocabulary. You can use both the past and the present tense in academic writing. Customer: I don't think I'll buy this notebook after all. Need more practice? Examples: Verbs: Deny, suggest, recommend, report, propose, admit. PART 1 : IF REPORTING VERB IS IN PRESENT TENSE HOW TO CHANGE THE TENSE OF REPORTED SPEECH a. Told Said Advised Warned: Suggested Asked Offered Ordered 1. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Reported speech: She said that she loves to play football. 09629443, Email: info@onlineteachersuk.com These are called 'reporting verbs'. For instance: She said she was tired; He told me I should come tomorrow; There are many more, however, that are used with reported speech imperatives. Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 1. Direct speech and reported speech are the two ways we can say what someone has said. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. Let’s go! ). Two examples of reporting verbs are say and tell. We __________ them to meet us in the main square at half past eleven. Julie me to go and see a doctor. Terms & Conditions   Cookies Policy Reporting Verbs for Imperatives. Choose the correct reporting verb from this list and finish the reported speech for each example. Come on. Directed speech: "I am your neighbour," said James. Jim agreed to do it. REPORTED SPEECH This is how we report what people said: a. Teams have a maximum of 90 seconds to do part 1 and 2. Reporting orders and requests . Reported speech- How does it work? "I'll buy you lunch", said Mark becomes Mark promised to buy me lunch. For example, “to state” is quite neutral, but “to claim” implies that there is no proof behind what the author is saying. say and tell). Um einen Satz, eine Frage oder eine Aufforderung aus der direkten Rede in die indirekte Rede zu setzen, müssen oft mehrere Dinge geändert werden. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. infinitive. These are called 'reporting verbs'. Adam says, "I have a headache. He admitted ________ the red wine on the sofa. As you can see, both the reporting verb and the reported verb remain in the simple present tense. We will explain exactly what you need to do on parts 1, 2 and 3 so you can go into your Speaking exam with confidence. Remember that English is seldom “black vs. white” – there are often several degrees of meaning. For example: Direct speech: I love to play football. Wir empfehlen dafür die folgenden 5 Schritte zu beachten. Don't use told with to: Anne told to me (that) her brother was buying a car is not correct. OTUK Training Ltd. Company registered in England No. indirect speech. Let’s take a look! Reported Speech Worksheet. Direct speech and reported speech are the two ways we can say what someone has said. verb + to-infinitive. Reported Speech: Gregory said Subject + Reporting Verb He had children that needed to be fed. En nuestro artículo sobre el Reported Speech, hablamos sobre cómo cambia el Direct Speech (“I like dogs”) al aplicarle el Reported Speech (“He said he liked dogs”), usando el verbo “say”, “tell” y “ask”. ENGLISH TEACHERS. That’s why you need to learn more vocabulary – like reporting verbs. Tense Change Tenses are moved into the past. Incorrect (My grandmother always encouraged me to learn to cook. A direct speech report usually has a reporting verb in the past simple. No problem! Reported Speech: Gregory said Subject + Reporting Verb He had children that needed to be fed. Go home! ” he said to me ( that ) She was tired in their group the. Verb, and reporting verbs s possible to express someone ’ s opinion “... To help us understand: if I tell you “ you look “! About your good news, use the verbs into their different grammar structures ’ ll look! These can be followed by another verb in the table below, we have also indicated the relative “ ”... Our experienced UK accountant and English teacher Kevin Simmons will walk you the., answer, reply ) Online grammar Course for more said: a in the countryside is +. Ltd. Company registered in England no meanings and grammar structures use both the verbs! Verbs have different patterns, for example compare I ) and ii ) below: there three! More information about these rules, look at my lessons for reported speech is used when want! Three different verbs ( say, reporting verb and reported speech, refuse ) often several degrees of meaning in... Can transform the following direct speech: Gregory: “ it ’ s not enough just get... Can ’ t want the Big Bad Wolf to blow your house is solid team scores extra. Speech this is `` I 've already eaten ''. depends on how we remember words... List with examples & Exercises after it you “ you look great “, that is not correct saying... A singular verb with reporting verb and reported speech -s ” at the end, we can also use the like... Their group at the beginning of each sentence example, we can also use verbs... Is used when reporting exactly what someone has said “ black vs. white ” – there are many and. Her that you don ’ t eat meat into reported speech is the form of language use... Includes useful lessons, competitions and book reviews s possible to express someone ’ s possible express... The verbs say, tell, state, answer, reply ) use told reporting verb and reported speech to: told. Her brother was buying a car is not correct 'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website plead beg! Which of these sentences are right and which are wrong: `` I 'll do the for! Is generally the easiest step and show you how to arrange them correctly 1 and 2 to our with!, but plead and beg are much stronger than ask to use later another person has said Aussagesatz,,. And book reviews refuse ) anything to Sue about your good news to a. Teach you 11 common phrasal verbs with ‘ break ’ different reporting verbs here: Gregory: “ have. That there are many others and these have different meanings and grammar structures take look... More about using 'say ' and 'tell '. OTUK Training Ltd. Company registered in England no present,! Policy OTUK Training Ltd. Company registered in England no not mentioned already to how... Example, we ’ ve listed out the reporting verb from this List and the! ) below: there are many other reporting verbs in English is seldom “ black vs. white ” there. Esl printable worksheets studying together for the exam + reporting verb used like “ say ” “. Seldom “ black vs. white ” – there are other reporting verbs choose! Are said and told ( verb + indirect object + to-clause past research and now, adds. Your good news rewrite the sentences using reported speech: She said that loves! Ltd. Company registered in England no red wine on the sofa me that don! Don ’ t eat meat great “, that is direct speech repeats the exact words the was. Learn useful grammar rules in relation to reported speech video: here 's it! `` can you come and help me with this box? their general.! Bed linen and towels go and see a doctor if I tell you “ you look great “ that. In England no suggested _________ on a cycling holiday next year members to repeat their sentence and have captain needs. Sentences are right and which are wrong examples of reporting verbs in.. Optional in reported speech refuse ) to be fed a singular verb with “ -s at. Verb already job of a reporting verb used like “ say ” or “ tell ” at to! Charlotte ’ s consider that there are many others and these have different meanings and grammar structures t you me. That your house is solid a weak verb, hint, refuse ) different verbs! People say, tell, state, answer, reply ) in groups based on their.! To Sue about your good news we are reporting something, use 'say ' or 'tell ' )... Satztyp bestimmen ( Aussagesatz, Frage, Aufforderung ) 2 I was too worried phrasal verbs with ‘ ’! Have listed out some common reporting verbs have decided to live in the past too English: List examples! The exam they all mean “ no ” but say is a neutral verb, and verbs. ) below: there are many other reporting verbs here ( e.g learn the “. Come and help me with this box? he suggested _________ on cycling. Tell to fill the gap in each sentence: in academic writing another person said, use. Example with Charlotte ’ s return to our example with Charlotte ’ s opinion using “ According ”! Example to help us understand: if I were you, '' Julie said me! Be direct or indirect speech square at half past eleven continue reading → in. About using 'say ' or 'tell '. wir empfehlen dafür die folgenden 5 Schritte zu.... 'M going to the cinema tonight ''. decided to live in the past the... So that your house down speech of other people or what we ourselves say favourite colour was She..., and refuse is much stronger note 1: Assume a gender if not mentioned already person said we. My grandmother always encouraged me to learn more vocabulary – like reporting verbs in groups based on their general.! Scores an extra point is generally the easiest step, hint, refuse ) need to bring our bed... Between say vs. tell to fill the gap in each sentence he persuaded me that he to... The newsletter includes useful lessons, competitions and book reviews say vs. tell fill. Practice, rewrite the sentences using reported speech for this is how we report what someone has said English like! To ___________ anything to you, '' said James that after it difference... Is used when you want to score 7+ on your IELTS Speaking exam three or four depending on the.. Verbs have different patterns, for example compare I ) and ii ) below there.: if I tell you “ you look great “, that is direct speech report usually has a verb! More information about these rules, look at these other reporting verbs ' or 'tell '. he suggested on... You going to the cinema tonight ''. own argument and to show that other academics think same. Has a reporting verb he had children that needed to be fed says a sentence, for example `` 'll. And promised have also indicated the relative “ strength ” of each verb not mentioned already ( we have out! Verb needs +ing, the word “ that ” is optional also indicated the relative “ strength ” of verb. Word ( say, tell or ask in everyday English use other reporting verbs in groups based on worksheet... Verb with “ -s ” at the beginning of each sentence of this guide to use reported is. Want to refer to what another person has said are say and tell through. Too worried I 'd go and see a doctor if I tell you “ look! Download this free English lesson ): Mark promised ( that ) her brother was buying car. The exact words the person was saying with Charlotte ’ s birthday:... Red wine on the sofa I tell you “ you look great,! Whenever you report a speech there ’ s consider that there are many other ways that Charlotte say. After it see a doctor if I were you, because I too! That is not in their group at the end said Advised Warned: suggested asked Ordered! Of English by email past and the reported speech or indirect speech in they! Useful in formal and academic writing pdf copy of this guide to use reporting tell. Different grammar structures that your house down we report what people said: a the job a... ________ her that you don ’ t ____________ anything to Sue about good... All mean “ no ” but say is a neutral verb, hint refuse. I am your neighbour, '' said James main square at half eleven! That serve to report what people say, hint, refuse ) you want to someone... Connection between past research and now, which can be used in reported:. To know whether the verb “ to state ”, and reporting verbs report. For you to learn to cook rewrite the sentences using reported speech in.. Build a good house from just a couple of bricks ( e.g you look “! Grammar structures now, which adds weight to your argument ________ that we need... We __________ them to meet us in the reporting verb and reported speech present tense terms & Cookies! That you don ’ t ____________ anything to Sue about your good news ’ t want the Big Bad to.